Bioimpacts. 2018;8(4):271-279.
doi: 10.15171/bi.2018.30
PMID: 30211079
PMCID: PMC6128971
Scopus id: 85050654816
  Abstract View: 200
  PDF Download: 54

Original Research

Numerical study on the impulsive growth of a gaseous plug inside a cylindrical vein with compliant coating

Mohammad T. Shervani-Tabar 1 * , Babak Farzaneh 1, Reza Ahrabi 2, Seyed E. Razavi 3

1 Center for CFD Studies on Heat Engines, Cavitational Flows, and Petroleum Industries, School of Mechanical Engineering, University of Tabriz, Iran
2 Department of Interventional Radiology, Alinasab Hospital, Tabriz, Iran
3 School of Mechanical Engineering, University of Tabriz, Tabriz, Iran

Abstract

Introduction: Employing of gaseous plugs inside a vein for preventing of blood flow to the damaged or cancerous tissues has been known as a gas embolism in the medicine. In this research, a numerical investigation has been carried out on the delivery of the liquid drug DDFP, encapsulated in the microlipidcoated spheres (MLCSs), to target the human vein for construction of the gaseous plug inside the veins.

Methods: The encapsulated liquid drug DDFP were delivered to the vein by injection of an emulsion. Releasing of the liquid drug DDFP results in an explosive growth of a gaseous plug inside the vein. The targeted vein was served as a rigid cylinder with a compliant coating. The boundary integral equation method has been employed for the numerical simulation of the hydrodynamic behavior of the gaseous plug inside the vein.

Results: Numerical results showed that in the case of a rigid cylinder vein with an internal compliant coating, the maximum volume of the gaseous plug was smaller than the case of just a rigid cylinder vein. Furthermore, its elapsed time from the instant of bubble generation to the instant when the bubble reaches its maximum volume was shorter. Numerical results also showed that the compliant coating on the internal wall of the rigid cylindrical vein had a tendency of reducing the impact of the explosive growth of the gaseous plug.

Conclusion: This numerical research showed that the compliant coating on the internal wall of the rigid cylindrical vein had the tendency of reducing the impact of the impulsive growth of the gaseous plug. Therefore, in the case of having severed arteriosclerosis, treatment of the cancerous or damaged tissues by use of the gaseous embolism must be done very carefully in order to prevent the hazardous effects of the gaseous plug’s impulsive growth.

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Submitted: 05 Aug 2017
Revised: 10 Sep 2017
Accepted: 11 Sep 2017
First published online: 18 Sep 2017
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