Bioimpacts. 2024;14(1): 27684.
doi: 10.34172/bi.2023.27684
PMID: 38327630
PMCID: PMC10844587
  Abstract View: 362
  PDF Download: 441


Bioscaffolds of graphene based-polymeric hybrid materials for myocardial tissue engineering

Nazanin Amiryaghoubi 1 ORCID logo, Marziyeh Fathi 1* ORCID logo

1 Research Center for Pharmaceutical Nanotechnology, Biomedicine Institute, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran
*Corresponding Author: Marziyeh Fathi, fathim@tbzmed.ac.ir, Email: fathi.marziyeh@yahoo.com


Introduction: Biomaterials currently utilized for the regeneration of myocardial tissue seem to associate with certain restrictions, including deficiency of electrical conductivity and sufficient mechanical strength. These two factors play an important role in cardiac tissue engineering and regeneration. The contractile property of cardiomyocytes depends on directed signal transmission over the electroconductive systems that happen inside the innate myocardium. Because of their distinctive electrical behavior, electroactive materials such as graphene might be used for the regeneration of cardiac tissue.
Methods: In this review, we aim to provide deep insight into the applications of graphene and graphene derivative-based hybrid polymeric scaffolds in cardiomyogenic differentiation and cardiac tissue regeneration.
Results: Synthetic biodegradable polymers are considered as a platform because their degradation can be controlled over time and easily functionalized. Therefore, graphene-polymeric hybrid scaffolds with anisotropic electrical behavior can be utilized to produce organizational and efficient constructs for macroscopic cardiac tissue engineering. In cardiac tissue regeneration, natural polymer based-scaffolds such as chitosan, gelatin, and cellulose can provide a permissive setting significantly supporting the differentiation and growth of the human induced pluripotent stem cells -derived cardiomyocytes, in large part due to their negligible immunogenicity and suitable biodegradability.
Conclusion: Cardiac tissue regeneration characteristically utilizes an extracellular matrix (scaffold), cells, and growth factors that enhance cell adhesion, growth, and cardiogenic differentiation. From the various evaluated electroactive polymeric scaffolds for cardiac tissue regeneration in the past decade, graphene and its derivatives-based materials can be utilized efficiently for cardiac tissue engineering.
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Abstract View: 361

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Submitted: 07 Nov 2022
Revision: 20 May 2023
Accepted: 03 Jul 2023
ePublished: 12 Aug 2023
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