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BioImpacts. 2021;11(4): 289-300.
doi: 10.34172/bi.2021.33
  Abstract View: 145
  PDF Download: 98

Review

Relationship between endocrine disruptors and obesity with a focus on bisphenol A: a narrative review

Sofiane Boudalia 1,2* ORCID logo, Aissam Bousbia 1,2 ORCID logo, Boualem Boumaaza 2,3, Malha Oudir 4, Marie Chantal Canivenc Lavier 5

1 Faculté des Sciences de la Nature et de la Vie et Sciences de la Terre et de l’Univers, Université 8 Mai 1945 Guelma BP 4010 Guelma 24000, Algérie
2 Laboratoire de Biologie, Eau et Environnement, Université 8 Mai 1945 Guelma BP 4010 Guelma 24000, Algérie
3 Département des Sciences Agronomiques, Faculté des Sciences de la Nature et de la Vie, Université Ibn Khaldoun, Tiaret 14000, Algérie
4 Laboratoire de Génie Chimique, Département de Génie des Procédés, Faculté de Technologie, Université Saâd Dahlab, USDB. BP 270, Route de Soumâa, 09000 Blida, Algérie
5 Centre des Sciences du Goût et de l'Alimentation, INRA, CNRS, Université de Bourgogne - Franche-Comté, Dijon, 21000, France
*Corresponding author: Sofiane Boudalia, Email: sofiane.boudalia@hotmail.com, boudalia.sofiane@univ-guelma.dz

Abstract

Introduction: Scientific data suggest that early exposure to endocrine-disrupting chemicals (EDCs) affect -repro, -neuro, -metabolic systems, to which are added other notions such as mixtures, window and duration of exposure, trans-generational effects, and epigenetic mechanisms.
Methods: In the present narrative review, we studied the relationship between exposure to EDCs with the appearance and development of obesity.
Results: Exposure to EDCs like Bisphenol A during the early stages of development has been shown to lead to weight gain and obesity. EDCs can interfere with endocrine signaling, affect adipocytes differentiation and endocrine function and disrupt metabolic processes, especially if exposure occurs at very low doses, in the mixture, during early development stages for several generations.
Conclusion: Exposure to EDCs is positively associated with obesity development. Moreover, the use of integrative approaches which mimicking environmental conditions are necessary and recommended to evaluate EDCs' effects in future studies.
Keywords: Adipocyte, Bisphenol A, Fat tissues, Metabolic disorders, obesity, Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-γ
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Submitted: 10 Aug 2019
Revision: 25 Apr 2020
Accepted: 10 May 2020
ePublished: 08 Jul 2020
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