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Bioimpacts. 2020;10(2): 73-85.
doi: 10.34172/bi.2020.10
PMID: 32363151
PMCID: PMC7186540
  Abstract View: 220
  PDF Download: 164
  Full Text View: 57

Original Research

Freeze-dried multiscale porous nanofibrous three dimensional scaffolds for bone regenerations

Maryam Sadat Khoramgah 1 ORCID logo, Javad Ranjbari 1, Hojjat-Allah Abbaszadeh 2,3, Fatemeh Sadat Tabatabaei Mirakabad 1, Shadie Hatami 4,5, Simzar Hosseinzadeh 6,7 * ORCID logo, Hossein Ghanbarian 8,9 * ORCID logo

1 Department of Medical Biotechnology, School of Advanced Technologies in Medicine, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
2 Laser Application in Medical Sciences Research Center, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
3 Hearing Disorders Research Center, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
4 Institute of NanoEngineering and MicroSystems National Tsing Hua University Hsinchu 30013, Taiwan
5 Department of Power Mechanical Engineering National Tsing Hua University Hsinchu 30013, Taiwan
6 Medical Nanotechnology and Tissue engineering Research Center, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
7 Department of Tissue Engineering and Applied Cell Sciences, School of Advanced Technologies in Medicine, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
8 Cellular and Molecular Biology Research Center, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
9 Urogenital Stem Cell Research Center, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
*Corresponding authors: Simzar Hosseinzadeh, S.hosseinzadeh@sbmu.ac.ir

Abstract

Introduction: Simulating hydrophobic-hydrophilic composite face with hierarchical porous and fibrous architectures of bone extracellular matrix (ECM) is a key aspect in bone tissue engineering. This study focused on the fabrication of new three-dimensional (3D) scaffolds containing polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE), and polyvinyl alcohol (PVA), with and without graphene oxide (GO) nanoparticles using the chemical cross-linking and freeze-drying methods for bone tissue application. The effects of GO on physicochemical features and osteoinduction properties of the scaffolds were evaluated through an in vitro study.
Methods: After synthesizing the GO nanoparticles, two types of 3D scaffolds, PTFE/PVA (PP) and PTFE/PVA/GO (PPG), were developed by cross-linking and freeze-drying methods. The physicochemical features of scaffolds were assessed and the interaction of the 3D scaffold types with human adipose mesenchymal stem cells (hADSCs) including attachment, proliferation, and differentiation to osteogenic like cells were investigated.
Results: GO nanoparticles were successfully synthesized with no agglomeration. The blending of PTFE as a hydrophobic polymer with PVA polymer and GO nanoparticles (hydrophilic compartments) were successful. Two types of 3D scaffolds had nano topographical structures, good porosities, hydrophilic surfaces, thermal stabilities, good stiffness, as well as supporting the cell attachments, proliferation, and osteogenic differentiation. Notably, GO incorporating scaffolds provided a better milieu for cell behaviors.
Conclusion: Novel multiscale porous nanofibrous 3D scaffolds made from PTFE/ PVA polymers with and without GO nanoparticles could be an ideal candidate for bone tissue engineering as a 3D template.
Keywords: Freeze drying, Nanofiber, Nanopore, 3D scaffold, Polytetrafluoroethylene, Bone tissue engineering
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Submitted: 04 Oct 2019
Revision: 28 Nov 2019
Accepted: 14 Dec 2019
ePublished: 08 Feb 2020
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