Bioimpacts. 2024;14(3): 28854.
doi: 10.34172/bi.2023.28854
  Abstract View: 123
  PDF Download: 78

Original Article

Non-invasive and probeless rapid in-vitro monitoring and quantification of HUVECs counts based on FFT impedimetery

Jalil Mirzazadeh 1 ORCID logo, Mir Reza Majidi 1* ORCID logo, Parviz Norouzi 2*, Reza Faridi-Majidi 3, Karim Asadpour-Zeynali 1,4

1 Department of Analytical Chemistry, Faculty of Chemistry, University of Tabriz, Tabriz 51666-16471, Iran‎
2 Center of Excellence in Electrochemistry, Faculty of Chemistry, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran
3 Department of Medical Nanotechnology, School of Advanced Technologies in Medicine, Tehran University of ‎Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
4 ‎Pharmaceutical Analysis Research Center, Faculty of Pharmacy, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, ‎Tabriz 51664, Iran
*Corresponding Authors: Mir Reza Majidi, Email: majidi@tabrizu.ac.ir; Parviz Norouzi, Email: norouzi@ut.ac.ir


Introduction: The endothelial cells derived from the human vein cord (HUVECs) are used as in-vitro models for studying cellular and molecular pathophysiology, drug and hormones transport mechanisms, or pathways. In these studies, the proliferation and quantity of cells are important features that should be monitored and assessed regularly. So rapid, easy, noninvasive, and inexpensive methods are favorable for this purpose.
Methods: In this work, a novel method based on fast Fourier transform square-wave voltammetry (FFTSWV) combined with a 3D printed electrochemical cell including two inserted platinum electrodes was developed for non-invasive and probeless rapid in-vitro monitoring and quantification of human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs). The electrochemical cell configuration, along with inverted microscope images, provided the capability of easy use, online in-vitro monitoring, and quantification of the cells during proliferation.
Results: HUVECs were cultured and proliferated at defined experimental conditions, and standard cell counts in the initial range of 12 500 to 175 000 were prepared and calibrated by using a hemocytometer (Neubauer chamber) counting for electrochemical measurements. The optimum condition, for FFTSWV at a frequency of 100 Hz and 5 mV amplitude, were found to be a safe electrochemical measurement in the cell culture medium. In each run, the impedance or admittance measurement was measured in a 5 seconds time window. The total measurements were fulfilled at 5, 24, and 48 hours after the seeding of the cells, respectively. The recorded microscopic images before every electrochemical assay showed the conformity of morphology and objective counts of cells in every plate well. The proposed electrochemical method showed dynamic linearity in the range of 12 500-265 000 HUVECs 48 hours after the seeding of cells.
Conclusion: The proposed electrochemical method can be used as a simple, fast, and noninvasive technique for tracing and monitoring of HUVECs population in in-vitro studies. This method is highly cheap in comparison with other traditional tools. The introduced configuration has the versatility to develop electrodes for the study of various cells and the application of other electrochemical designations.
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Submitted: 13 Mar 2023
Revision: 21 Aug 2023
Accepted: 12 Sep 2023
ePublished: 31 Oct 2023
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