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Bioimpacts. 2024;14(3): 28876.
doi: 10.34172/bi.2023.28876
  Abstract View: 200
  PDF Download: 104

Original Article

Unravelling benzazepines and aminopyrimidine as multi-target therapeutic repurposing drugs for EGFR V774M mutation in neuroglioma patients

Jitender Singh 1 ORCID logo, Krishan L Khanduja 1, Pramod K Avti 1* ORCID logo

1 Department of Biophysics, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research ‎‎(PGIMER), Chandigarh, India – 160012 ‎
*Corresponding Author: Pramod K Avti, Email: pramod.avti@gmail.com

Abstract

Introduction: Neuroglioma, a classification encompassing tumors arising from glial cells, exhibits variable aggressiveness and depends on tumor grade and stage. Unraveling the EGFR gene alterations, including amplifications (unaltered), deletions, and missense mutations (altered), is emerging in glioma. However, the precise understanding of emerging EGFR mutations and their role in neuroglioma remains limited. This study aims to identify specific EGFR mutations prevalent in neuroglioma patients and investigate their potential as therapeutic targets using FDA- approved drugs for repurposing approach.
Methods: Neuroglioma patient’s data were analyzed to identify the various mutations and survival rates. High throughput virtual screening (HTVS) of FDA-approved (1615) drugs using molecular docking and simulation was executed to determine the potential hits.
Results: Neuroglioma patient samples (n=4251) analysis reveals 19% EGFR alterations with most missense mutations at V774M in exon 19. The Kaplan-Meier plots show that the overall survival rate was higher in the unaltered group than in the altered group. Docking studies resulted the best hits based on each target's higher docking score, minimum free energy (MMGBSA), minimum kd, ki, and IC50 values. MD simulations and their trajectories show that compounds ZINC000011679756 target unaltered EGFR and ZINC000003978005 targets altered EGFR, whereas ZINC000012503187 (Conivaptan, Benzazepine) and ZINC000068153186 (Dabrafenib, aminopyrimidine) target both the EGFRs. The shortlisted compounds demonstrate favorable residual interactions with their respective targets, forming highly stable complexes. Moreover, these shortlisted compounds have drug- like properties as assessed by ADMET profiling.
Conclusion: Therefore, compounds (ZINC000012503187 and ZINC000068153186) can effectively target both the unaltered/altered EGFRs as multi-target therapeutic repurposing drugs towards neuroglioma.
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Submitted: 10 Apr 2023
Revision: 03 Jul 2023
Accepted: 23 Aug 2023
ePublished: 24 Oct 2023
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