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Bioimpacts. 2012;2(2): 83-89.
doi: 10.5681/bi.2012.012
PMID: 23678445
PMCID: PMC3648922
Scopus ID: 84874897810
  Abstract View: 1475
  PDF Download: 677

Review

Applications of Diatoms as Potential Micro Algae in Nanobiotechnology

Ahmad Yari Khosroushahi*

Abstract

Introduction: Diatoms are single cell eukaryotic microalgae, which present in nearly every water habitat make them ideal tools for a wide range of applications such  as oil exploration, forensic examination, environmental indication, biosilica pattern generation, toxicity testing and eutrophication of aqueous ecosystems. Methods: Essential information on diatoms were reviewed and discussed towards impacts of diatoms on biosynthesis and bioremediation. Results: In this review we present the recent progress in this century on the application of diatoms in waste degradation, synthesis of biomaterial, biomineralization, toxicity and toxic effects of mineral elements evaluations. Conclusion: Diatoms can be considered as metal toxicity bioindicators and they can be applied for biomineralization, synthesis of biomaterials, and degradation of wastes.
Keywords: Diatoms, Bioindicators, Biosynthesis, Biomineralization, Bioremediation
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Submitted: 30 Apr 2012
ePublished: 19 Aug 2017
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