Bioimpacts. 2019;9(2):97-103.
doi: 10.15171/bi.2019.13
  Abstract View: 107
  PDF Download: 28

Original Research

Numerical investigation of hemodynamic performance of a stent in the main branch of a coronary artery bifurcation

Seyed Esmail Razavi 1, Vahid Farhangmehr 2 * , Zahra Babaie 1

1 Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Tabriz, Tabriz, Iran
2 Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Bonab, Bonab 5551761167, Iran

Abstract

Introduction: The effect of a bare-metal stent on the hemodynamics in the main branch of a coronary artery bifurcation with a particular type of stenosis was numerically investigated by the computational fluid dynamics (CFD).
Methods: Three-dimensional idealized geometry of bifurcation was constructed in Catia modelling commercial software package. The Newtonian blood flow was assumed to be incompressible and laminar. CFD was utilized to calculate the shear stress and blood pressure distributions on the wall of main branch. In order to do the numerical simulations, a commercial software package named as COMSOL Multiphysics 5.3 was employed. Two types of stent, namely, one-part stent and two-part stent were applied to prevent the build-up and progression of the atherosclerotic plaques in the main branch.
Results: A particular type of stenosis in the main branch was considered in this research. It occurred before and after the side branch. Moreover, it was found that the main branch with an inserted one-part stent had the smallest region with the wall shear stress (WSS) below 0.5 Pa which was the minimum WSS in the main branch without the stenosis.
Conclusion: The use of a one-part stent in the main branch of a coronary artery bifurcation for the aforementioned type of stenosis is recommended.
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Submitted: 17 Mar 2018
Revised: 11 Dec 2018
Accepted: 26 Dec 2018
First published online: 08 Mar 2019
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